Combining ability studies for yield and its component in short duration maize (Zea mays L.) VP Mani, NK Singh, BK Sharma, Rajesh Singh

logo.pngCombining ability studies for yield and its component in short duration maize (Zea mays L.) 


VP Mani2, NK Singh3, BK Sarma3, Rajesh Singh1

                          1Genetics and Plant Breeding, IAS, BHU, Varanasi-221005

                          2Former Principle Scientists, Indian council of Agriculture Research, New Delhi

                     3Vivekanand Institute of Hill Agriculture (ICAR) Almora

                           Received: 08 February 2015       Revised Accepted: 16 April 2015




Combining ability analysis using diallel mating (10 x10) design over two locations in 10 short duration open pollinated maize populations and their 45 F1’s was conducted for grain yield and five other related characters. The study on combining ability in maize revealed that variations due to both general combining ability (gca) and specific combining ability (sca) at the two locations viz; Almora and Bajaura,  were significant, indicating the importance of additive and non-additive gene effects. L 4 was observed to possess high and significant gca effects for grain yield, ear length, 100-kernel weight and early maturity; Pool 33 (Alm) for grain yield, ear diameter and 100-kernel weight, whereas, VL 88 and Surya for earliness. None of the crosses combination of VL 16 x L 4 showed high sca effects and desirable per se performance for grain yield.


Key Words: Diallel, GCA, Maize, SCA